Giraffes are the tallest land mammals on the earth. Their average height is around 5 meters (16 feet). Giraffes are characterized by their long neck and legs with the spotted pattern on their body. People of Africa once called them camel-leopard because their body shape resembles with camel and pattern with leopard.
Giraffes are found in the savanna areas in Africa. They can eat leaves of trees at extreme heights where other animals can’t reach. They have a long tongue which helps them in pulling leaves from trees. A full-grown giraffe can eat up to 45 kg of food a day, leaving them spending most of the day in eating. Their favorite food is acacia tree. Giraffes don’t need much amount of water because they get most of the water from the leaves they eat. This is good for them because giraffes have to bend down to drink water which makes them vulnerable to attack from lions and other hunters.
Giraffes can run at a top speed of 55 km/h. they run in a similar way as other mammals do, by swing their front and rear legs. Giraffes have good eyesight and with their great height, they get a good view of territory around them. They have the sleep time around two hours.
Giraffe’s babies are called calves and at the time of birth their height is around 2 meters and weigh 70 kg. Newborn babies are very vulnerable so their mothers try everything to protect them from predators. Their growth rate is fast, they can grow 2 inches in a day.
Giraffes currently are not endangered. There are 100,000 giraffes living in the wild.